MUNSTER HOLY LAND AND CYPRUS

£135

Attractive full page longitudinal map of Palestine, Syria and Cyprus, cut by Hans Rudolf Manuel Deutsch. The shore line running from Southern Anatolia to the Nile Delta. The river Jordan shows two sources according to the medieval conception that the name of the river is composed from the name of the two sources: Jor and Dan.

From his Cosmographia, that great compendium of Renaissance knowledge. With two panels of descriptive text in German.

Very small repair

Excellent hand colour.

Very good condition.

LAOR: Mapping of the Holy Land, #527.

code : M2630

Cartographer : Sebastian Munster

Date : 1553 Basle

Size : 26.3 x 17.0 cm

availability : Available

Price : £135

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Originally a scholar studying Hebrew, Greek and mathematics, Sebastian Munster (1489-1552) eventually specialised in mathematical geography and cartography. It was this double ability - as a classicist and mathematician - that was to prove invaluable when Munster set himself to preparing new editions of Solinus’ “Memorabilia” and Mela’s “De Situ Orbis”, two classical descriptive geographies containing maps, and his own two greatest works, the “Geographia” and “Cosmographia”. These reflect the widespread interest in classical texts, which were being rediscovered in the fifteenth century, and being disseminated in the later fifteenth and sixteenth century, through the new medium of printing.

The “Geographia” was a translation of Ptolemy’s landmark geographical text, compiled in about 150 AD., illustrated with maps based on Ptolemy’s calculations, but also, in recognition of the increased geographical awareness, contains a section of modern maps. In the first edition of the “Geographia”, Munster included 27 ancient Ptolemaic maps and 21 modern maps, printed from woodblocks. Subsequent editions of the “Cosmographia” were to contain a vast number of maps and plans.

One consequence of Munster’s work was the impetus it gave to regional mapping of Germany, but Munster was also the first cartographer to produce a set of maps of the four continents on separate maps. Most importantly, through his books (the “Geographia” and “Cosmographia” alone ran to over forty editions in six languages), Munster was responsible for diffusing the most up-to-date geographical information throughout Europe.