(NORTH AMERICA WEST INDIES) CARTE DU MEXIQUE ET DE LA FLORIDE

£1550

A Dutch re-issue of a cornerstone map of the Southern States and Central America finely engraved and in fine condition.Covens and Mortier's map copies that by De L'Isle, of 1703, as one of the first accurate depictions of the lower reaches of the Mississippi and the Delta. Mexico and New Mexico are well-detailed, reflecting the active Jesuit missionary/explorers population but the eastern seaboard of North America shows the English colonies as a disproportionately narrow strip of settlements hugging the coast.Martin & Martin, Maps Of Texas And Southwest, cf. pp.92-93.

code : M682

Cartographer : DE L'ISLE Family

Date : 1722 Amsterdam

Size : 60*48cms

availability : Available

Price : £1550

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Claude de l'Isle (1644-1720) was a geographer and historian working in Paris, but was overshadowed by his more famous son, Guillaume (1675-1726), who is probably the greatest figure in French cartography. Having learnt geography from his father, it is said that at the age of eight or nine he could draw maps to demonstrate ancient history. He studied mathematics and astronomy under J.D Cassini, where he received the grounding in scientific cartography, that is the hallmark of his work.

His first atlas was published in about 1700, in 1702 he was elected a member of the Academie Royale des Sciences, and in 1718 he became 'Premier Geographe du Roi'. His maps of the newly explored parts of the world reflect the most up-to-date information available and did not contain fanciful detail in the absence of solid information.

His work was important as marking a transition from the maps of the Dutch school, which were highly decorative and artistically-orientated, to a more scientific approach.

De L'Isle also played a prominent part in the recalculation of latitude and longitude, based on the most up-to-date celestial observations. His major contribution was in collating and incorporating this latitudinal and longitudinal information in his maps, setting a new standard of accuracy, quickly followed by many of his contemporaries. Guillaume De L'Isle's reputation was such that pirated versions appeared in many countries, most particularly by Chatelain and Covens and Mortier.

After his death in 1726 the business was continued by his nephew Philippe Buache, and subsequently by J. Dezauche.